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Jupiter and Io are a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Antonio Allegri known as Correggio. She is in the Vienna Museum of Art. The picture was conceived after the success of previous work by Correggio Venus, Satyr and Cupid. It is known that the painter painted four canvases in general, although perhaps more were planned.
In the first edition of his book, the Renaissance biographer Giorgio Vasari mentions only two paintings: Leda and the Swan (located today in the Berlin Hemaldegalerie) and one Venus (it is possible that it is about Danai, which is currently in the Borghese Roman Gallery), although he knew them only from descriptions provided by Giulio Romano.
Vasari mentions that the Duke of Federico Gonzaga wanted to donate works to the Emperor and King of Spain Charles V: that the other two works, Ganymede, abducted by Orel and Jupiter and Io, were in Spain during the 16th century, and were part of the same series. Canvas has been in Vienna since the beginning of the 17th century, when it is mentioned in the imperial collections of the Habsburgs along with Ganymede.
The scene of Jupiter and Io is inspired by the classic works of Ovid. Io, the daughter of Inak, the first king of Argos, is seduced by Jupiter (or Zeus), who hides behind the dunes so as not to fall into the eyes of the jealous Juno (in the mythology of the Greeks, Hera).
Jupiter often seduced other women and took various disguises to hide their adventures. He appeared in front of his lovers in the form of a swan, an eagle, but in this picture he remained himself. Jupiter hugs nymph Io, his face is barely visible. She pulls the foggy, smoky hand of Jupiter towards herself with barely restrained sensuality. Noteworthy is the contrast between the disappearing figure of Jupiter and the substance of the body of Io, shown confused, in a certain erotic delight. This motive anticipated many works by Bernini and Rubens.